Giovanni’s Open Learning Objects

October 31, 2007

Giovanni’s OpenLO lifecycle

Originally uploaded by openlearn2007

Talking about the SLOOP project which is part of the Leornado da Vinci programme and it is an European project.

It aims to promote a community of teachers whose main interest is the production of learning materials (?) in a collaborative way to be digital educational resources (i.e. searchable, customizable, interoperable and something else).

The needed to define a model for free/open learning object and a LO management system (not sure what a LO is – oh learning objects … duh!)

They wanted to use SCORM (I think) for their standards to have educational resources that were easy and also be reusable, searchable, adaptable and interoperable.

There is a problem of contextualized Los and makes it impossible to be used in a constructivist model (but do we actually want this?) and the technical standards makes it difficult for teachers to develop their own educational resources.

They need to move to an Open Learning Object (OpenLO) in particular when thinking of reusability issues – he is not interested in a black-box LO but something in which they can change inside (so my black-box research even turns up here!).

He is referring to open learning object as “any open digital resource that can be reused to support learning” (he is getting this from Wiley)

He is saying that the OpenLO life cycle should change from the traditional water-fall model to a more agile model where agile practices should be applied at all levels …. He is showing us a graph of the OpenLO life cycle now … where the blue line shows it going steadily upwards which is theoretical and a red line showing it actually having a decline.

He is talking about the metadata feed and the OpenLO now as the metadata could evn support the users in evolving LOs …

There has to be a learning object management system (FreeLOMS – – and this should provide an environment to share resources and they should provide the tools to support collaborative activities. Should also permit the development of learning resources following an open licence (e.g. creative commons). He is saying that the LOMS should not replace the LMS/VLE, the teacher just has to learn different tools but the LOMS should provide an easy mechanism for integration with the LMS.

He’s talking about the way they have converted the materials into metadata … guess Erik Duval would be glad about this! Their specified metadata is based on a 3-level model from IEEE LOM.

They’ve made a one click function for ppt files as the teachers have most of their files in that format and weren’t too concerned about pdf files. They’ve also included RSS into the FreeLOMs (I always like RSS feeds … great stuff) and they’ve also able to have direct access from Moodle to FreeLoms (well not quite – still has to be released – but wonder how that actually works).

The Sloop site is in several languages, they have 436 students from around the world (is that a lot? Not sure …).

He agrees with Erik that all materials on the web should be free of use for educational purposes … gave an example of some professor who was fined $6000 because he uploaded pictures (probably painting?) of Monet rather than Picasso.

The benefits of the OpenLO model:
1) Teachers acquire an active role in developing their educational resources
2) Developing a community of teachers around the idea of OER used and produced by them
3) Collaborative processes in the development and modifications of LOs
4) Students can be involved I the production of LOs, thus education strategies based on knowledge building can be put in practice (even with LOs)

Now he is moving onto Learning Objects in the Web 2.0.

(Don’t think I’ve done justice to this post as I think my brain is heading to shut down … even the boost of a chocolate biscuit at tea-time didn’t seem to help … maybe should have two instead :D).

Right question time and he has a quote by Walt Disney … “Our heritage and ideals, our codes and standard – the things we live by and teach our children – are preserved or diminished by how freely we exchange ideas and feelings”.

Chris was busy reading the Walt Disney quote and forgot to stand up and say question time :).

Question: Can you easily integrate this system into blackboards?

Giovanni: Yes, but he is not sure that is the right way – the way to go is to try and integrate them with different platforms and freeLOMS is an opensource software so there isn’t much support for integration.


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